Peluang dan Tantangan Sumber Daya Manusia dalam Penyelenggaraan Pelabuhan Cerdas (Smart Port) Nasional di Masa Revolusi Industri 4.0

Prasadja Ricardianto, Syahrial Nasution, Maria Angelin Naiborhu, Wegit Triantoro

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui peluang, tantangan, dan solusi untuk Sumber Daya Manusia(SDM) pelabuhan nasional di Indonesia dalam menghadapi Revolusi Industri 4.0 dan mengembangkan pendidikan yang sudah ada. Permasalahan dan tantangan yang dihadapi oleh masyarakat kepelabuhanan terletak pada penempatan sumber daya manusia, pembaruan aplikasi teknologi di bidang pelayaran, dan daya saing industri pelayaran. Permasalahan terbesarnya adalah ego sektoral yang masih tinggi, misalnya biaya logistik yang mahal di Indonesia. Adapun, tantangan terbesarnya adalah mengolaborasi pelayanan agar dapat diintegrasikan dan menghilangkan ego sektoral tersebut. Pengembangan teknologi informasi yang menjadi penggerak ekonomi dunia belum sepenuhnya dapat disusul dengan pendidikan saat ini. Penelitian ini merupakan studi literatur yang fokus pada hasil wawancara mendalam (in-depth interviews) dengan beberapa narasumber. Hasil penelitian yang berkaitan dengan pelabuhan cerdas (smart port) menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan automasi dan semi-automasi terkait dengan berkembangnya digitalisasi akan menjadi suatu acuan di dalam pelayanan pelabuhan secara nasional. Selain itu, diperlukan pendidikan yang menghasilkan sumber daya manusia dengan kekhasan maritim melalui pendalaman lebih ilmiah, khususnya pada jurusan Nautika, Teknika, dan Tatalaksana, serta pelatihan bersertifikat tingkat diploma.

 

Kata Kunci: pendidikan; peluang; revolusi industri; pelabuhan cerdas; sumber daya manusia; tantangan

 

Abstract

Opportunities and Challenges for Human Resources in Organizing National Ports in Indonesia: This research was designed to assess the opportunities and challenges for human resources of national ports in Indonesia in the industrial revolution 4.0, provide relevant solutions, and evaluate and improve existing education. The problem and challenges faced by the port society lie in human resources distribution, connectivity, update on technological applications in shipping, and the competitiveness of the shipping industry. In terms of human resources, experts, especially in the port sector, seem to be limited in number. Sectoral egotism that, for example, leads to expensive logistics costs, has been reported as the greatest problem, and, accordingly, an integrated collaboration on service provision in this atmosphere poses a significant challenge to human resources in national ports. Moreover, todays education has not been able to catch up with the advancement of Information Technology, which is the engine of the world economy. This research employed a literature study focuing on the results of in-depth interviews with several informants. The results showed that, in the context of smart ports, automated and semi-automated systems as a result of digitalization would most likely become a reference in port services nationally. An education that produces human resources with maritime specialties through in-depth scientific analyses (especially in Nautical, Technical, and Management majors) and certified training at the diploma level is highly required.

 

Keywords: education; opportunity; industrial revolution; smart port; human resource; challenge

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