Optimasi Alokasi Lapangan Penumpukan Petikemas Ekspor Pelabuhan: Studi Kasus Terminal Peti Kemas Banjarmasin

Autor(s): Setyo Nugroho, Achmad Mustakim, Dwi Wahyu Baskara, Alwi Sina Khaqiqi
DOI: 10.25104/transla.v22i2.1581

Abstract

Perencanaan alokasi penumpukan petikemas memiliki pengaruh yang besar untuk meminimalkan waktu sandar kapal dan biaya operasional terminal. Model alokasi lapangan penumpukan bertujuan mengurangi jarak tempuh truk dalam kegiatan muat dan menyeimbangkan jumlah pada setiap blok. Alokasi lapangan penumpukan petikemas yang belum optimal di Terminal Petikemas Banjarmasin merupakan salah satu permasalahan yang harus diselesaikan. Dalam upaya penyelesaian permasalahan tersebut digunakan metode evaluasi dan optimasi dalam perencanaan alokasi lapangan penumpukan petikemas. Setalah mendapatkan hasil evaluasi dan optimasi, kemudian dilakukan simulasi untuk mengetahui waktu muat kapal. Dari hasil evaluasi dan optimasi di dapatkan pada Bulan Februari 2019, jarak tempuh truk dapat bekurang hingga 4% atau 539 km dari 13.941 km, selisih petikemas pada blok kapal sebesar 74% atau 4.863 box dari 6.546 box. Selain itu didapatkan selisih petikemas pada seluruh blok penumpukan sebesar 55% atau 2.452 box dari 4.446 box, penghematan waktu kegiatan muat sebesar 13% atau 4.749 menit dari 36.129 menit. Kemudian untuk  penghematan biaya bahan bakar keseluruhan dari truk, RTG, dan container crane sebesar 16% atau sebesar Rp 236.723.498 dari Rp 1.508.369.508. Dengan hasil optimalisasi ini pengelola pelabuhan dapat mengisi container Yard lebih banyak lagi.

Port Allocation Optimization of Export Container Yard: Case Study of Banjarmasin Container Terminal; Container stack allocation planning has a major impact on minimizing ship berth time and terminal operating costs. The yard allocation model aims to reduce the distance traveled by trucks in loading activities and to balance the number in each block. The sub-optimal allocation of the container yard at the Banjarmasin Container Terminal is one of the problems that must be resolved. For solving these problems, evaluation and optimization methods are used in planning the container stacking field allocation. After getting the results of evaluation and optimization, a simulation is carried out to determine the loading time of the ship. From the results of evaluation and optimization obtained in February 2019, the truck's mileage can be reduced by 4% or 539 km from 13.941 km, while the difference of containers in the ship block is 74% or 4.863 boxes from 6.546 boxes. In addition, the difference between the containers in the entire stacking block was 55% or 2.452 boxes from 4.446 boxes, saving time for loading activities was 13% or 4.749 minutes from 36.129 minutes. Then for the overall fuel cost savings from truck, RTG, and container crane by 16% or Rp 236.723.498 from Rp 1.508.369.508. With this optimization, port operator could allocate more containers in container yard.

Keywords

Evaluasi dan Optimasi, Alokasi Lapangan Penumpukan, Simulasi Waktu Muat

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